Know All About Breeding Dogs

Know All About Breeding Dogs

Are you planning about breeding or mating dogs? If yes, then there are a number of things that you must be aware of. It is vital to know that dog breeding is not an easier task. A lot of work is involved in ensuring that the whole breeding process goes smoothly with the end result being the formation of quality puppies. In the whole process, you need to ensure that your dogs are healthy and well-cared for. So, if you have decided on dog’s breeding, here are some important things that you need to consider:

Find the right partner:

We humans are very particular about choosing our mates. Similarly, when it comes to choose a mating partner for your dog, make certain to choose the right partner. You must look at the pedigree and bloodline of the prospective mate so as to recognize any factors that could positively or negatively affect the quality of the puppies. Make sure that both the dogs have good dispositions as this will increase the chances that the puppies will be the same. Further, both dogs should be healthy with no family history of significant genetic defects.

Age of your Furry baby:

Being a responsible dog breeder, you must wait for your dog to reach maturity before allowing it to mate. Usually, the estimated age for sexual maturity of dogs is 18 to 24 months (for large dog breeds), 12 to 18 months (for small dog breeds) and 15 to 18 months (for medium dog breeds). Although, a dog may reach sexual maturity at 6 or even 4 months, however, this is too young for him to be used as a stud. Similarly, a bitch should not be used for the breeding program during her first year of the heat cycle. Being too young a bitch may not be mentally and physically mature enough to take care of her litter, which will further result in the puppies being neglected. Therefore, it would be best to wait until your furry buddy turns at least 2 years old before considering it for a breeding purpose.

Check the health of your dog:

Before, planning for a breeding program, check whether your dog is healthy enough to breed or not? Get a health checkup done from your veterinarian before breeding your furry buddy. Some of the key tests that should be performed on dogs before breeding them include- heart test, eye test, hip and elbow tests, and brucellosis tests. Also, you must not use your dog for breeding if there are any ongoing medical, physical conditions, congenital defects or temperament issues. Based on the health and fertility, a dog can continue to be used as a stud for about 10 years, whereas a bitch can generally be used for the breeding process until she is 5 years old. Once these periods have been reached, it is advisable not to carry on dog mating program.


There may be some particular qualities that you want the puppies to inherit. Therefore, look for a male dog that has all the qualities that you desire for such as a nice size, smooth coat, perfect eyes or head, etc. Though no dog is perfect, you must look for a dog that will bring out the positive qualities and possibly outshine the less-desirable qualities in your dog.

Though, dog mating seems like something that should be left to handle for themselves. However, if you are aware of all the important things related to dog mating program, you will not only get quality puppies but also be able to keep your furry buddies safe and healthy.