Dogs and cats need proper care and attention just like humans. They need food, water, and shelter to survive.
If you have a pet at home, make sure he/she gets the required physical and mental care along with nurturing to help them grow healthy and safe. To set the foundation for a healthy, long, and happy life for your pet, you must take care of all their key requirements. You must be aware of different types of vaccines for pets.
Consult a professional veterinarian and maintain a proper cat/dog vaccine schedule. You can even get online vet consultation in India at any time at the comfort of your home.
Importance of vaccination for pets
Being a pet owner, you must provide all the required vaccination doses as per the vaccine schedule recommended by a veterinarian. Vaccinations play an important role in protecting a pet from various hazardous and even deadly diseases. Even state law requires pet owners to get their pets vaccinated for different diseases.
For instance, dogs and cats must be vaccinated for rabies. Nowadays, there are numerous other vaccinations available that can protect your pets from serious diseases. If a pet gets exposed to a disease, the immune system will instantly recognize the disease and will prepare the pet’s body to fight against the disease. Vaccination helps to prevent disease completely or at least reduce its effects.
Types of vaccines for dogs and cats
The types of vaccines for pets are usually categorized as:
• Core pet vaccines
• Non-core vaccines
Core pet vaccinations are the vaccines that are commonly recommended for every pet. Core vaccines are considered vital for all pets due to the risk of exposure to a disease, the severity of the disease, as well as the risk of disease transmission to other pets as well as human beings. On the contrary, non-core vaccines may be advised depending on the age, breed, condition, and lifestyle of a pet. For instance, non-core vaccinations are usually recommended if your cat or dog is boarded often or mostly stay outdoors.
Core vaccination schedule for dogs
Below-mentioned is some of the most important core vaccines along with their schedule for dogs:
• Rabies: Rabies is a core dog vaccine. It is 100% fatal to dogs and has no treatment available so far. Prevention is the key to preventing this disease. The states regulate the age at which the dose of rabies vaccine is first administered. Usually, the first dose is administered in puppies as early as 3 months (16 weeks) of age. After that, the rabies vaccination is good for 1 year. For adult dogs, the rabies vaccination is recommended for 3 years. In simple words, a dog would get the rabies vaccine at 16 weeks, 1 year, and then again at the age of 4.
• Canine Distemper: Canine distemper is again a core dog vaccine that is caused by an airborne virus. This severe disease can cause various health issues and may even lead to permanent brain damage. For puppies, at least 3 doses are recommended between 6 and 16 weeks of age. For adult dogs, 2 doses are given in the gap of 3-4 weeks. Puppies are given a booster 1 year after finishing their preliminary series. After that, all dogs require a booster dose every 3 years or more frequently.
• Canine Parvovirus: Canine parvo is a highly contagious disease. It causes severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. It is usually fatal if untreated. For puppies, at least 3 doses are recommended between 6 and 16 weeks of age. For adult dogs, 2 doses are advised in the gap of 3-4 weeks. Puppies require a booster 1 year after completing the initial series. After that, all dogs require a booster every 3 years or more often.
Other core vaccines for dogs include Adenovirus, type 1 (CAV-1, canine hepatitis) and Adenovirus, type 2 (CAV-2, kennel cough).
Apart from the core vaccines, some of the non-core vaccines for dogs include parainfluenza, bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough), lyme disease, leptospirosis, and canine influenza.
Core vaccination schedule for cats
Here is the list of some of the most important core vaccines along with their schedule for cats:
• Rabies: Rabies is a core cat vaccine and is completely fatal to cats if remain untreated. A single dose is recommended for kittens as early as 8 weeks of age. They must be revaccinated 1 year later. For adult cats, a single dose is given over 16 weeks with a yearly booster. Booster doses are given annually or every 3 years, depending on the vaccine used.
• Feline Distemper (Panleukopenia): Feline distemper, also known as penleukopenia is another common core cat vaccine. Pamleukopenia is a severe contagious disease that largely attacks kittens and can lead to death also. It is given to kittens as early as 6 weeks of age and after that every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. For adult cats, 2 doses are given at a gap of 3-4 weeks.
• Feline Herpesvirus: Feline herpesvirus leads to Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) which is a very contagious upper respiratory condition found in cats. Feline herpesvirus vaccine must be given to kittens as early as 6 weeks and after that every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. For adult cats, 2 doses are recommended at a gap of 3-4 weeks. A booster dose is given a year after the last dose of the initial doses and then every 3 years.
• Calicivirus: Another most important core vaccine for cats is calicivirus. Calicivirus is a highly transmissible upper respiratory condition that can cause severe joint pain, fever, anorexia, and oral ulcerations. For kittens, the calicivirus vaccine is given as early as 6 weeks and then every 3 to 4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. For adult cats, 2 doses are given at the gap of 3-4 weeks. A booster dose is given a year after the last dose of the initial series and then every 3 years.
Apart from the core vaccines, some of the non-core vaccines for cats include Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) and bordetella.
So these are some of the most common and important types of vaccines for pets that must be given to them on their fixed schedule. As far as the cost of vaccination is concerned, the dog and cat vaccine cost may differ from state to state.
Dog and cat vaccines are an important part of a pet’s health and wellness plan. Even if a pet is kept indoors, he or she is likely to catch contagious diseases, especially those that are airborne and capable of living for a long time in any environmental condition.
Timely vaccination helps to protect pets from various contagious diseases, many of which can lead to serious illness or even death.